Roofs have been specifically designed to keep away rainwater, snow and strong winds that might damage your home. However, roof designs will vary from one area with a different climate to another. Several houses that are situated in the Middle East and other drier regions across the world have flat rooftops since they rarely get any form of precipitation. On the other hand, houses located in the northern part of Europe, Canada, and the United States that reside in wetter and colder climates have steep roofs so that water and snow can easily flow through them.
Sure, we know that roofs are designed seamlessly making water flow from the ridges towards the eaves, but how do roofs fair well against the snow?
Before we do discuss what the best materials are for colder climates, we have to first look into roof designs for colder climates and how are they different from other roof designs in warmer climates.
Top 5 Roofing Materials
Fiberglass Asphalt Shingles
One of the more common and widely-used shingles are asphalt shingles with a mat of fiberglass. Almost ⅔ for the houses in the United States have asphalt shingles as their mainstay in their roofing. The relatively cheap price tag of these shingles means that it’s readily available in your local depots. Moreover, it can hold its ground against rain, snow, and moderate to strong winds. These shingles also have a warranty of 20 – 30 years, but it’s best to conduct regular maintenance on your roof when given the chance. One of the downsides to this roof is that it has a limited lifespan compared to other roofs and it can’t stand winds of up to 135 miles per hour. Against snow, it’s a good choice in insulating your home and retaining heat in your home’s interiors.
These cement tiles are made of concrete and cement which makes it incredibly durable against every type of weather. These tiles are also quite common and you’ll be able to find these in your local builder’s depot. Compared to other shingles that are vulnerable to physical impacts especially from hailstorms, cement S-tiles can withstand strong winds and storm damages. Cement S-tiles are a great choice for homes that are usually exposed to snow since it provides a good amount of insulation inside the home.
For commercial and industrial buildings, metal roofing has been getting more prevalent over the past few years. More buildings that are situated on colder climates since it’s durable and long-lasting. Moreover, the metal roofings complement the architectural style of houses that are in temperature regions. Most metal roofing materials are also designed to keep ice thawed so it can mitigate the effects of ice dams.
Passive Solar Panels
Although not the most conventional roofing material that you’ll find in the market, passive solar panels are great at absorbing heat which melts off the snow that might get stuck on your roof so it can flow towards the appropriate drainage system. Compared to using active solar panels that will convert sunlight to electricity, passive solar panels are the ideal way of melting off snow and sustaining your roof throughout the whole winter season.
Slate Tile Roofing
For centuries, different roof designs have been incorporating slate tile roofs for its durability, longevity, and classic aesthetic. With over 40 – 60 years of lifespan, slate tile roofing can easily provide the right amount of insulation while protecting your roof against rainwater, snow, and other strong winds. The only downside to slate tiles is that it has a hefty price. Slate tiles are also heavy and your roof can weigh more than a ton. If the supporting structures of your roof cannot withstand the weight of slate tiles, then it’s best to use another material.
Optimal Roof Material and Design
Choosing the right design and materials will really depend on the weather and the level of precipitation in your area. There’s really no other way of knowing besides having a licensed roofing contractor extensively inspect your roof so you’ll be able to make the necessary plans for your roof. Of course, you’ll also have to keep in account the building requirements and regulations within your area regarding the materials used and the design of your roof.
If you’re still not sure on what materials you want to use for your roof, or if you need a professional roofing contractor to optimize your home for the climate that it’s situated on, then you can commission the services of a professional contractor that can offer services like roofing Denver CO, roof installation, repairs, extensive inspection, and maintenance.